Atopic dermatitis, commonly known as Eczema is a genetic and chronic skin disorder. The disease is mostly diagnosed among young children or even infants and may last until the kid achieves adulthood. Atopic dermatitis (AD) causes the skin to turn red, itch, become tender and flake.
As mentioned earlier that it is a hereditary disorder, parents with the AD are more prone to have kids with this skin disorder. Children who have eczema will show symptoms of the disease in their first year of life and 90% of the people with the disease will have detailed signs of the condition before their 5th birthday. The disease is not infectious and people with no childhood history of the disease have very rare chances of developing eczema in adulthood.
There are diverse “Trigger Factors” associated with Eczema:
- Change in temperature
- Too high or low temperatures can flare up the condition
- Bacterial infection and/or skin irritants like – specific fiber or detergent can make eczema worse
Common Locations of Eczema:
The location and extent of eczema may change with age :
- Among infants and young children – Face, outside of the elbows and on knees.
- In older children and adults – Hands and feet, the arms and on the back of the knees.
Symptoms of Eczema:
- Scaly, dry skin
- Redness and swelling of the skin
- Small bumps that open and discharge upon scratched
- A thickening of the skin – most common in chronic eczema
Managing the Symptoms of Eczema:
- Avoid contact with irritants
- Practice good skin care techniques
- Take quick baths with lukewarm water
- Avoid harsh and too fragranced soaps
- Prevent infections
- Make sure you wear light and loose-fitted clothes
- Use doctor recommended moisturizer once a day
- Avoid stress
- Avoid excessive scratching
- Implement a healthy and active lifestyle that prevent worsening of the disease
Various medications and treatments are available for severe cases, discuss your condition with a certified doctor and cherish every moment of your life.
Written by: H. Kaur
Edited by: R. Jawal